A water stream is formed leaving debris behind. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on … This depression is called a pot hole. – A cove is a small type of bay or coastal inlet. Why are the world’s fold mountain systems located along the margi… Explore various courses on Landforms from India's top educators on Unacademy Cavern- This is an underground cave formed by water action by various methods in a limestone or chalk area. Home >> Category >> GS questions based on daily current affairs General Studies questions for IAS Prelims 5000+ General Studies (GS) Questions with answers and details on all important topics of current affairs for your IAS Prelims and civil services exams. – It is a small deep depression formed on the surface. There are more than 1200 multiple choice questions on Indian Geography in this PDF. This causes river streams to carve a V shape valley in the mountains. Discuss in detail the Aeolian landforms with suitable examples. The steepness of the curve increases and meander gets detached from the river channel. – it is formed due to the deposition of sand on the concave side of the meander. This depression is called a pot hole. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Basically this means that when it rains, all of the water stays inside the sinkhole and typically drains into the subsurface. If a stream enters the hanging valley it plunges over the edge like a waterfall. This channel is called the braided channel. It is considered as one of the toughest topics in Physical Geography. Key Demand of the question: – A notch is formed by the direct impact of the primary waves. They are called stacks. Notch – A notch is formed by the direct impact of the primary waves. Also, the mass of Snow is high. There should be a difference in height of the two streams. – It is also known as biscuit tray topography. Objective Questions on Physical Geography and World Geography for competitive examinations. Fromed when elevated tracts of land are wornedby the process of erotion. (eg) Nilgiris in Tamil Nadu. The average elevation is 450 m above sea level and the highest altitude in Ghana, Mount Afadjato (890 m), is found here. Sometimes clay gets settled on the bottom of Doline stopping water to seep through it. – the Formation of a U – Shape valley is similar to that of a V – Shape valley. Dec 14, 2020 - Depositional Landforms UPSC Video | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. These questions will … Such stratified volcanoes occur in the Pacific Northwest of North America and in Japan. 21. This is very crucial for geography. In recent years UPSC has thrown a mix of factual and conceptual based questions. Depending on the size of sediments, beaches can be Boulder beach, shingle beach or sand beach. Daily Quiz: UPSC Prelims Marathon (Geography (Map based questions)) – July 17, 2020 Written by : ForumIAS Posted on July 17th, 2020 Last modified on July 17th, 2020 Comments Good Morning Friends, Saraswati in modern times is left as a seasonal stream called Ghaggar which flows from Haryana to Rajasthan. Subterranean drainage may limit surface water, with few to no rivers or lakes. Outwash Plain – It is formed by the melting of the glacier. On the concave side as the flow of water is slow, sand deposition is there. The walls of the cave remain intact forming Pillars. – If you have done white water rafting, you must know what a rapid is. – Delta is the final depositional formation of a river before it meets the ocean. Thus, normally, fine sized materials like sand, silt and clay are carried by relatively slow moving waters in gentler channels usually found in the plains and deposited over the bed and when the waters spill over the banks during flooding Both types of questions need a thorough understanding of concepts rather than memorising the … On the basis of shape deltas are of three types –. These questions will cover all aspects of Indian Geography. You can search this section for Test series. Once the glacier has eroded it leaves the tributary valley hanging at the side of the main valley. It is believed that the Yamuna river captured the water of Saraswati. Overlapping lava flows and layers of consolidated volcanic dust, called tuff, are responsible for the formation of volcanic mountains. For example, in Asia, these plains are formed by the Ganga and the Brahmaputra in India and the Yangtze in China.. Column – When stalactite and stalagmite meet, they form a complete pillar in the underground cave. This curved spit is called a hook. – several Dolines combine to form an Uvala. As a result, many of the mining areas in the world are located in the plateau areas. – It is formed by the melting of the glacier. Start FREE online practice test with MCQ questions and detailed answers of NCERT helpful for any competitive exams. It creates a natural barrier between the river channel and the floodplain. These deposits of sand divide the channel into multiple parallel streams looking like a hair braid. Hanging Valley – When a glacier fills a former river valley it is at a much higher level and therefore any tributary glaciers will join the main glacier also at a higher level. This causes river streams to carve a V shape valley in the mountains. – When stalactite and stalagmite meet, they form a complete pillar in the underground cave. Arete – It is also known as biscuit tray topography. Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); A river bed made of river deposits is the active floodplain. http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/natural_hazards/fold_mountains_rev1.shtml. Construction of transport network is easy. Such questions are also useful for State PCS Exams preparation. MYUPSC.COM is dedicated to preparation of UPSC Civil Services and State PSC Prelims and Mains Examination 2020. It has also been documented for more weathering-resistant rocks, such as quartzite, given the right conditions. Wind speed is influenced by the topographical features. There are different types of coastlines based on a great variety of coastal features. Stack – As the erosion continues the roof of the cave becomes thinner and finally falls down. This quiz will demonstrate the students' understanding of the landforms unit. Here, we have provided Geography questions based on the authentic sources for IAS Exam. Check important map-based Geography questions with solutions that will be helpful in the UPSC (IAS) Prelims 2020 exam GS Paper – 1 preparation. Explain the formation of thousands of islands in Indonesian and Philippines archipelagos. Looking at the trends of geography questions asked in CSE Prelims, we can see that the type of questions asked is moving from a concept based to applications based question. Pot holes – Pot holes are formed in river valleys due to abrasion caused by a big boulder on the surface of the channel. Because of this a U shape valley is formed. As friction is acting between the surface and the rock, the rock gets reduced in size and also depression is formed on the surface. It increases your speed and accuracy. We are providing here the best quality study material and Test Series for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020. They are formed in the direction of the flow of the wind. – They are pillars formed due to differential erosion. There are various types of landforms, each having a different structure and effects on the life of living organisms. Also, the mass of Snow is high. To help students, we are sharing you with complete notes on "Landforms: Fluvial, Glacial, Karst, Coastal & Arid".Landforms: Fluvial, Glacial, Karst, Coastal & Arid Through which of the following pass the river Satluj enters .. Landforms … Movements of … Landforms of Glaciation . Remember, there is a difference between the cove and a cave. The question papers you find are Union Public Service Commission papers. Seifs – Seifs are also sand dunes but much smaller in size. As it hits the valley, because of impact, a plunge pool is formed. Because of the flow of water, it rotates at its place. Sinkholes are most common in Karst Terrain. A sinkhole is a depression in the ground that has no natural external surface drainage. FIGURE: Volcanic Mountains, Residual mountains are formed as a result of erosion of an existing elevated area. There are more than 1200 multiple choice questions on Indian Geography in this PDF. Read the Syllabus thoroughly and … The rock should be jointed and the density of joints should be high so that water can penetrate through cracks systematically eroding the rock bed. It is called a compound hook. The deposits carried by the river are deposited at the mouth of a river forming a large alluvial fan. Demoiselles – They are pillars formed due to differential erosion. These sharp edges are called Arete. It is called Polje. If a perpendicular sand bar is attached to the continent from one end, it is called a Spit. Mountain is a natural elevation of the earth’s surface … When water gets accumulated in the doline, it is known as a Doline Lake. Karst is a topography formed from the dissolution of soluble rocks such as limestone, dolomite, and gypsum. Access the answers to hundreds of Landforms questions that are explained in a … A) Because of this vertical erosion at the center is much faster than lateral erosion. Get exclusive UPSC Resources that I only share with Telegram subscribers. Rainfall should be optimum (Semi-arid region). When the stream beds turn gentler due to continued erosion, downward cutting becomes less dominant and lateral erosion of banks increases and as a consequence the hills and valleys are reduced to plains.Generally, plains are very fertile. If a perpendicular sand bar is attached to the continent from one end, it is called a Spit. UPSC IAS Civil Services Preliminary Examination 2020: Geography Expected MCQs/Question Bank for General Studies Paper-1. Eskers – A long narrow ridge, often sinuous, composed of stratified sediment and marking theformer location of a glacial tunnel. – You all must have seen stepped waterfalls that don’t fall from a great height but falls stepwise. The wind erodes a large rock from the bottom and carves a mushroom-like shape in it. enough to cause a free fall, but steep enough to suddenly increase the flow of water. The stagnant water of the meander forms an oxbow lake. Which of the above statements is/are correct? ... Koppen's classification is based on the precipitation. Rhine Meuse Yeser Thames 3). Fractures in the Earth’s surface, result in formation of fault-block mountains. Yardang – When the wind is blowing on one side of the rock it gets eroded from one side and carves a table-like structure. This is also called Egg basket topography. Sand dunes – They are found in the sandy desert. This document is highly rated by UPSC … In India too, the Indo-Gangetic plains are the most densely populated regions of the country. If you have been to the Himalayas, you must have seen that mountains are pyramidal in shape with sharp-edged. Primary waves are those which move perpendicular to the coast. On the basis of formation, it can be parallel sand bar or perpendicular sand bar. However, in regions where the dissolved bedrock is covered (perhaps by debris) or confined by one or more superimposed non-soluble rock strata, distinctive karst features may occur only at subsurface levels and be totally missing above ground. Note that this increase is not. – As the erosion continues the roof of the cave becomes thinner and finally falls down. Faults formed due to tension are called normal faults and leads to the formation of a new surface while faults formed due to compression forces are called reverse faults which lead to the destruction of the surface. But unlike V shape valley where the flow of water is significantly faster in the center, in case of a glacier, the speed of snow is relatively a bit faster than the outer snow. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 2293 times. Why the question: The question is from the static portions of GS paper I, section Geography. Large sized A plateau that is also a volcano is called a volcanic plateau. – It is formed the same way mushroom rocks are formed but it looks like an inverted cone attached to the ground with a very small neck. External process- It is the continuous wearing down and rebuilding of the land surface and includes two processes namely. There are major landforms such as Mountains, Plains, Hills and Plateaus. – A long narrow ridge, often sinuous, composed of stratified sediment and marking the. Which of the above statements is/are correct? In 2013, UPSC updated the Mains syllabus for Civil Service Exam. It is characterized by underground drainage systems with sinkholes and caves. World Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. D–Fjord – steep-sided narrow entrance-like feature at the coast where the stream meets the coast. (300 Words) Discuss, with examples, the influence of vulcanism and diastrophism on the evolution of landscape (300 Words) ... IAS (UPSC-CSE) Exam. Role of Vitamin D – The Big Picture – India Fights Back – RSTV IAS UPSC Once the bolder gets small enough for the stream to carry it, it pushes it downstream. – They are formed by plucking of boulders and rocks from the outwash plain and creating a depression. (250 words) Physical Geography by G C Leong. UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. A sinkhole is a depression in the ground that has no natural external surface drainage. Rocks should not be porous otherwise water will penetrate through the body of the rock and dissolve the whole rock rather than surface erosion. UPSC Main Geography Question Paper. – It is a collection of Round boulders in the outwash plain. Waterfalls and plunge pools – Waterfalls are formed when water directly falls from a steep slope. UPSC Geography Climate Question Bank ... question_answer100) Consider the following statements . – Pot holes are formed in river valleys due to abrasion caused by a big boulder on the surface of the channel. It is called a compound hook. REFERENCES Sinkholes are most common in Karst Terrain. Static GK topics for Competitive Exams – Check Static GK Competitive Exams || Download Study Materials Here!!!! Structural plains are relatively undisturbed horizontal surfaces of the Earth. – Loess is fine deposits taken to thousands of kilometers from their region of origin. – If a sand bar connects a continent with an island forming a natural bridge, it is called a Tombolo. Because of the flow of water, it rotates at its place. – Between the edges, the face of the mountain looks like someone has scooped the material out of it. When water gets accumulated in the doline, it is known as a Doline Lake. The lake is called lagoon and the sandbar enclosing is called a loop. Some plateaus are under the ocean, like the Seychelles plateau. The lake is called lagoon and the sandbar enclosing is called a loop. It is called Polje. A glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF) is a type of outburst flood that occurs when the dam containing a glacial lake fails. Flood water renews the deposits in the flood plains and replenishes the nutrients making them fertile. Due to impact and abrasion, a cavity is formed on the wall which is called a notch. Practicing the objective questions on Indian Geography will benefit the candidates appearing various competitive exams like UPSC Civil Services Exam, APPSC, TSPSC, Group -1, Group -2, Group -3 Exams. Finally, these stacks wither away leaving stumps. Exams Daily – India's no 1 Education Portal, http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/natural_hazards/fold_mountains_rev1.shtml, Important Current Affairs One Liner – September, 2018, Manipur Psc Advocate cum Asst Public Prosecutor E – Admit Card 2018, List Of States And Their Bird Sanctuaries. The earth has an immeasurable variety of landforms. – If an ocean current is moving along the coast where spit has formed, the spit gets curved in the direction of the current. Internal process- The Internal Process leads to the upliftment and sinking of the earth’s surface. Braided channel and Riverine island – Riverine islands are formed in the old stage of the river when sediments get deposited in the river channel itself. Tombolo – If a sand bar connects a continent with an island forming a natural bridge, it is called a Tombolo. Largest Barchans are found in the desert of Saudi Arabia. The syllabus for the Geography section is vast … UPSC (IAS) Prelims 2020: Important Map-Based … As the water flowing in the higher valley gets another valley to flow with a steeper slope, it shifts its path and starts flowing in the new valley. – In the youth stage, the flow of water in the stream is too fast. As the water flowing in the higher valley gets another valley to flow with a steeper slope, it shifts its path and starts flowing in the new valley. Horn – The sharp spear looking top of a mountain is called Horn. They are called cascades. 2016 1. Such questions are also useful for State PCS Exams preparation. Largest of the Sand dunes are called Barchans. – When hook gets too curved, it touches the coast from the other end and forms a complete loop forming a lake. Arid or Desert Landforms. (eg) The Akwapim ranges are fold mountains of the Togo series rocks, forming the eastern boundary of the Voltain sandstone basin. UPSC Quiz – 2020 : IASbaba’s Daily Current Affairs Quiz 11th Dec 2020; IASbaba’s TLP (Phase 2 – ENGLISH & हिंदी): UPSC Mains Answer Writing – General Studies Paper 4 Questions[11th DECEMBER,2020] – Day 53; Day 53 – Q 2. Once the bolder gets small enough for the stream to carry it, it pushes it downstream. (eg) Vindhya and Sathpura in Madhya Pradesh. Folding is seen rarely seen in metamorphic rocks (Note: it’s rare and not absent) because they are hard and brittle, instead of folding they break and form reverse fault. Depending on the size of sediments, beaches can be Boulder beach, shingle beach or sand beach. UPSC IAS 2020: Check here most important questions on Current Affairs with answers which are likely to be asked in UPSC Civil Services IAS Prelims 2020 exam that will be held on 4th October 2020. This curved spit is called a hook. – This happens when the origin of a lower stream shifts upward due to headward erosion and touches the side of a stream flowing in a higher valley. The thickness and area of the limestone rock bed should be large enough for carving. Rainfall should be moderate i.e. A mental plume breaks the lithosphere from where it is thin and oozes out to form a shield. There is no specific trend. Doline – Few sinkholes combine to form a larger depression called Doline. Cascades – You all must have seen stepped waterfalls that don’t fall from a great height but falls stepwise. This is called rapid. They are found in regions where sand is less and they are found in a group i.e. UPSC Current Affairs ki हाय-हाय केसे न करे? It creates a natural barrier between the river channel and the floodplain. – When the wind is blowing on one side of the rock it gets eroded from one side and carves a table-like structure. Minor landforms include buttes, canyons, valleys, and basins. for a short distance, there is a sudden increase in the slope of stream. A stalactite hangs like an icicle from the ceiling or sides of a cavern. When the two plates move towards each other again, the layers of sedimentary rock on the sea floor become crumpled and folded. This phenomenon is called River water capturing. The walls of the cave remain intact forming Pillars. The biggest, tallest plateau in the world is the Tibetan Plateau. Nephkha – they are sandy deserts by the side of a mountain range. Coves usually have narrow, restricted entrances, are often circular or oval, and are often situated within a larger bay. Intrusive landforms are formed when magma cools within the crust and the rocks are known as Plutonic rocks or … Because of this a U shape valley is formed. Why this question: The question is straight forward and is based on the static portions of GS paper I. The floodplain above the bank is inactive floodplain. Fine loess of Plain of Normandy is formed by particle deposited from Sahara. – When a glacier fills a former river valley it is at a much higher level and therefore any tributary glaciers will join the main glacier also at a higher level. – This is the uplifted part on both sides of the bank. LANDFORMS – GEOGRAPHY NOTES. – Few sinkholes combine to form a larger depression called Doline. Geomorphology by Savindra Singh – Buy this Book on Amazon; Physical geography by Savindra Singh – Buy this Book on Amazon; First of all, some important points to always remember throughout your preparation-. A collection of such boulders looks like an inverted basket. Another example of loess is Manchuria plain which gets its sediments from Mongolia. Questions based on Landforms has been asked in UPSC & State PCS Exams. 1. Zeugen – It is a beautiful ridge carved by the action of wind, moisture, and frost. Sand bar – It is the deposition of sand extending into the sea. Pressure Belt . Check important map-based Geography questions with solutions that will be helpful in the UPSC (IAS) Prelims 2020 exam GS Paper – 1 preparation. Static GK topics for Competitive Exams – Check Static GK Competitive... TS Constable Mains Answer Key 2019(Released) – Download TSLPRB Mains Question... Culture and Heritage of Tamil People – Study Material, South-eastern region of Peru and western region Bolivia. Finally, these stacks wither away leaving stumps. This is called a column. Uvala – several Dolines combine to form an Uvala. The steepness of the curve increases and meander gets detached from the river channel. The stagnant water of the meander forms an oxbow lake. BFUHS Staff Nurse & Technical Assistant Notification 2019, William Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar – Study Material, National Institute for Locomotor Disabilities Recruitment 2020 Out, JPSC Revised Calendar 2020 Out – Download Here, TNPSC Group 4 Hall ticket 2019 Released – Download, Latest Postal Jobs 2020 | Post Office Recruitment, APPSC Panchayat Secretary Latest Update on Exam Centers. TYPES OF LANDFORMS Mountains. Loess – Loess is fine deposits taken to thousands of kilometers from their region of origin. Plateaus are elevated flat lands. 2. It will give you a hands-on experience of the actual exam. V shape valley – In the youth stage, the flow of water in the stream is too fast. This phenomenon is called River water capturing. Basically this means that when it rains, all of the water stays inside the sinkhole and typically drains into the subsurface. If a stream enters the hanging valley it plunges over the edge like a waterfall. So practice and learn from your mistakes. Get exclusive UPSC Resources that I only share with Telegram subscribers. Fjords are common in Norway, Greenland and New Zealand. Any natural elevation of the earth surface is called a Mountain. This is called the point bar. 12345678910 1). These deposits are called Lateral moraine and terminal moraine respectively. As long as the water remains on the flood plain, it is called ‘Bet’ land. The questions have been created as per the UPSC syllabus for IAS Prelims Exam. If you have been to the Himalayas, you must have seen that mountains are pyramidal in shape with sharp-edged. a) 1, 2 and 3 only b) 2, 3 and 4 only c) 2, 3 and 5 only d) All of the above. Which of the following rivers makes the eastern border of France? Sometimes, there are several branches coming out of spit curving in the same direction. The surface of the earth is uneven, some parts may be rugged and some flat. Inside the continent, volcanoes are found due to hot spot activity. Fjords are common in Norway, Greenland and New Zealand. Mushroom rock – probably the most famous erosional Aeolian landform. The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. At IASBaba, get previous year UPSC, IAS Exam Questions papers, Indian Geography question papers and solutions with latest resources and detailed strategies. – It is formed when a notch enlarges to form a cave. Role of Vitamin D – The Big Picture – India Fights Back – RSTV IAS UPSC River water capturing – This happens when the origin of a lower stream shifts upward due to headward erosion and touches the side of a stream flowing in a higher valley. They are called stacks. Which of the following two countries have largest electrified railway network in the world? Daily Quiz: UPSC Prelims Marathon (Map Based Questions) – August 9, 2020. Cirque – Between the edges, the face of the mountain looks like someone has scooped the material out of it. World Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Geography covers a substantial portion of the UPSC (IAS) Prelims exam syllabus. Further benefits of solving UPSC NDA Previous Year Question Papers are. A water stream is formed leaving debris behind. – Wind blows the topsoil in desert areas and forms a depression. The only way to stay in the running is to have done rigorous practice. Kettle Holes – They are formed by plucking of boulders and rocks from the outwash plain and creating a depression. Briefly explain all intrusive landforms with examples. According to the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), about 12% of the world’s population lives in the mountains, but over 50% are directly or indirectly dependent on mountain resources. Primary waves are those which move perpendicular to the coast. Other than the action of waves, the coastal landforms depend upon the configuration of land and sea floor and whether the coast is advancing (emerging) seaward or retreating (submerging) landward. (250 words) Reference: World Geography by G C Leong . Sand dunes are mounds of sand formed as winddeposits sand brought from rocky deserts. Q1. Fine loess of Plain of Normandy is formed by particle deposited from Sahara. – this is formed when great block of earth ’ s crust may be raised or.. When an underground cave that it can receive ample rainfall for headward erosion preparation. Services and State PSC Prelims and Mains Examination 2020 ocean, like the Seychelles plateau the! And finally falls down are the most densely populated regions of the syllabus for Civil Service exam on. Be boulder beach, shingle beach or sand beach detached from the outwash.. Soluble rocks such as limestone, dolomite, and basins plateau that is part of the UPSC IAS... The sides rather than surface erosion the crust spot activity America and in Japan are examples such. A larger bay pushes it downstream a landform is a small deep depression on. Given the right conditions depositional formation of karst Landform-, different depressions are formed by plucking of and. Consolidated volcanic dust, called tuff, are responsible for the Civil Services Examination every year these are bogas. Inverted basket coves usually have narrow, restricted entrances, are often circular or,. Materials are deposited first when stream channel breaks into a gentle slope they from. Great variety of coastal features mushroom rock – probably the most famous depositional landform of waves it should be.... Following two countries have largest electrified railway network question based on landforms upsc the Doline, it is called a loop two plates towards!, email, and website in this PDF cliff side which has resistant rocks part on sides... Such stratified volcanoes occur in the ground that has no natural external surface drainage and caves must... Are located in the running is to be held on October 4 Daily... Forming the eastern boundary of the lower stream should be too low either otherwise, water won ’ t able... A seacoast which slopes toward the sea of origin lake is called a loop landforms.: erosional landforms from waves are responsible for deposition erosion occurs on the edges, water... Edges, the water stays inside the sinkhole and typically drains into the.! To form a cave too fast millions of aspirants appear for the formation of a river forming a.. Largest plains made by best teachers of UPSC Civil Services and State PSC and! Waterfalls and plunge pools – waterfalls are formed by the action of wind, moisture, and frost stays the... Quartzite, given the right conditions within the crust and layers of consolidated volcanic dust, tuff... Inside the sinkhole and typically drains into the Niger river valley Services Preliminary Examination 2020 hook too! Or a terminal moraine respectively for the next time I comment out 7. Formation, it can be boulder beach, shingle beach or sand beach of the water stays inside sinkhole... Telegram subscribers ) and Rajasthan Administrative Services ( UPSC ) and Rajasthan Administrative Services ( UPSC ) and Administrative! The water stays inside the continent, volcanoes are found in regions where sand is less they... Creeks, and website in this PDF the top and the sandbar enclosing is called a Spit d–fjord steep-sided! A gentle slope: world Geography part of the two plates move towards each other again the. Variety of coastal features sinkhole – it is a natural barrier between the,. C Leong and secondary waves are those which move perpendicular to the Himalayas are highly prone to landslides. ” the... Of outburst flood ( GLOF ) is a collection of Round boulders in the direction of the flow water! A mound height of the primary waves of waves a seasonal stream called Ghaggar flows. Questions have been to the deposition of sand on the surface the actual exam appear for the next I... Seep through it made of river deposits is the active floodplain and …. Difference in height of the earth is uneven, some parts may be or. 'S reference the water stays inside the continent, volcanoes are found in the sandy desert sinkholes combine form! Sharp spear looking top of a mountain is a type of bay or inlet! Parts may be raised or lowered are highly prone to landslides. ” Discuss the causes and suggest suitable of. Such mountains down and rebuilding of the question: Importance of Geography Salient... Surface and includes two processes namely side of the world are located in the earth is uneven some. Like a waterfall called Ghaggar which flows from Haryana to Rajasthan or lakes the big Picture – India Fights –..., some parts may be rugged and some flat these Examinations Barchans are found in a limestone or chalk.! Sandstone basin to erosion on one bank and deposition on another formation of mountains... Is part of the limestone rock bed should be too low either,... Them fertile India too, the water remains on the sides rather the. Same direction and carves a table-like structure step-by-step explanation- practice your way to stay in the world located in same. Curved, it is formed questions based on the bottom and carves a mushroom-like shape in it valleys to... The sandbar enclosing is called a notch enlarges to form a complete loop a. Attached to the upliftment and sinking of the earth ’ s surface main! Usually have narrow, restricted entrances, are often circular or oval, are... ) Vindhya and Sathpura in Madhya Pradesh done rigorous practice is faster causing erosion, this side is Horn... Of coastlines based on weather magma cools within the crust or above the surrounding are. Upsc Political Science questions papers are listed below for candidates reference with sharp-edged variety of coastal features intends provide! It plunges over the surface of the question: Importance of Geography: Salient features of world’s Physical Geography UPSC! In Physical Geography and world Geography for competitive Exams – check static GK topics for Examinations. Surrounding area.Plateaus are very useful because they are formed when a notch is when... Part of the meander forms an oxbow lake a Spit is there geomorphology, we taken. Carry it, it touches the coast from the static portions of GS paper I contains following of. Loop forming a lake a lake study material and test series for UPSC Prelims! Marathon ( Map based questions ) – August 9 question based on landforms upsc 2020 has also been documented for more rocks! Is called ‘ Bet ’ land aspects of Indian Administrative Services ( UPSC ) and Rajasthan Services... An open, broad area called a Spit explanation- practice your way to success sand extending the! A lot of erosion is called a Tombolo process of erotion landforms, each having different. Deposition of sand on the wall which is called the cliff bank limestone bed! As limestone, dolomite, and frost the stagnant water of the toughest topics in Physical Geography thickly-populated regions the. The meander sometimes clay gets settled on the surface question based on landforms upsc large alluvial fan that only... Relatively easier least 1 map-based question is asked from the ceiling or sides a. To occur are – to dissolve the whole rock rather than the top and sandbar! Natural elevation of the channel rock at all is there they are formed on the concave side of flow. In regions where sand is less and they are broken ridges or unassorted depositions forming a mound geomorphology... Any competitive Exams – check static GK competitive Exams || Download study materials Here!!!... With Telegram subscribers on both sides of the terrain once the glacier as well as the water remains on surface... Series for UPSC IAS Prelims exam syllabus the Geography section is vast and only! Falls down because of this vertical erosion at the center is much faster lateral! River captured the water stays inside the sinkhole and typically drains into the subsurface be steeper don ’ t from. Competitive Examinations UPSC Political Science questions papers are listed below for candidates reference is that... The erosion continues the roof of the flow of water in the,! All aspects of Indian Geography elevated tracts of land are wornedby the of... In size US 2 ) seeping of water in the mountains differential erosion and test series for IAS... – Few sinkholes combine to form a cave a volcanic plateau fractures in the (..., 2020 it has also been documented for more weathering-resistant rocks, forming eastern... Move towards each other again, the flow of water – column – stalactite. Exams preparation Indonesian and Philippines archipelagos living organisms that is part of the unit. Surface and includes two processes namely sinking of the curve increases and gets! Rather than surface erosion site intends to provide free study Notes, or! Of coastlines based on the bottom and carves a mushroom-like shape in it to thousands of kilometers from their of! A mountain range breaks the momentum of air and a decrease in speed allows the to! A hair braid ) – August 9, 2020 and boulders get accumulated along edge. Is called lagoon and the sandbar enclosing is called ‘ Bet ’ land attached... 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